Revised Guide to Accounting for Real Estate Trading


The essential reason for this article is to teach parties connected with Real Estate dealings and locations different accounting issues that have get to be predominant in the wake of the disintegrating real estate markets, for example, impairment\and solidification thought for extraordinary reason elements. This is a straightforward reference control that furnishes money related experts with a tool to assess the accounting method of particular transaction, engaging them to structure exchanges considering the accounting significances and to record for them as per U.S. GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). The representing financial statements are being updated, and reasonable worth estimation is required to increment in significance.

This article will consider just the standards representing a scope of real estate dealings pertinent to different organizations of genuine bequests, the change and buy of landed properties, land deals and trades, and lease and sale-leaseback deal.

The real estate industry has developed throughout the years, and the continually expanding complexity and essential exchanges have brought about differences of income/revenue recognition.

In India as of now there is no Accounting Standard, basically for acknowledgment of income from real estate sectors. Truly, in any case, the bookkeeping and reporting for such deal has been in light of standards articulated in AS-9 — Revenue Recognition and AS-7 — Construction Contracts, as supplemented by the Guidance Note on Recognition of Revenue by Real Estate Developers, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India in 2006.

Real estate segment has advanced over the course of the years, and the regularly expanding unpredictability and fundamental exchanges have brought about assorted qualities of revenue recognition. To accomplish consistency, the ICAI issued a changed direction note in February 2012 which applies to all real estate industries started after April 1, 2012 and different ventures where incomes have not been perceived before that.


What are the key changes acquired by the updated direction note?


The revised guidance if the ICAI is truly exhaustive, covering all types of real estate industries, from sale of land and developed properties to joint development assertions, bargain exchange, obtaining and exchange of improvement rights, various component exchanges and improvement of existing building or structures.

The note starts with the basic idea of an ‘undertaking’, around which the whole accounting and recognition of revenue of real estate rotate. It characterizes the task regarding units or an assembly of units connected with a typical arrangement of comforts in a way that unless the regular enhancements are made accessible and useful, the units can’t be put to their proposed viable utilization. The evaluation of a task at the beginning stages will be primary, as this may have a noteworthy effect on recognition of revenue. Revenue recognition is made compulsory by the said note:

Accessibility of every basic approval for beginning of task;
25% for expenses towards development and advancement (barring cost of land, expense of improvement rights and recovery expenses) to be spent;
Offer of no less than 25% of the saleable portion;
Least 10% or more at the reporting date on the individual contract should be collected on each contract.

These conditions are welcome as they will evacuate equivocalness and convey some consistency to guarantee equivalence of financial reports.


By what method will this effect accounting and hit tax liability to an ongoing company?


All new change brings extra consistence and documentation necessities for organizations. Here, organizations ought to keep up itemized documentation for every undertaking, since the revenue recognition is in light of parameters that must be assessed for every task.

For the introductory years, where an organization has old activities proceeding before April 1, 2012, the bookkeeping will be administered by the old Guidance Note; subsequently, the organization ought to keep income calculations taking into account two arrangements of guidelines, in accordance with the old and reconsidered Guidance Notes, separately.